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Language 144: Ancient Greek

Prerequisite: None. (2 credits)

This brief seminar course introduces cadets to one of the parent languages of modern English, the most widely used language in the Federation today.

Offered Second Term.

(From the Starfleet Academy catalog, 2377-2378)


Welcome to Introduction to Ancient Greek. I’m sure some of you are here only for a few extra credits, but that’s okay. This is a very informal class — Greek isn’t even spoken in modern society anyway. But the language did in fact have a large impact on modern English, the official language for Federation interstellar communication and trade. And of course, there are those pilots and tactical officers who want to know just what those words are when the CO orders evasive maneuvers.

The class will deal mostly with written Greek. We’ll start with a basic overview of the syntax and grammar, and look at a few of Greece’s most important literary works.

Further information will be provided in class. For now, familiarize yourself with the Greek Alphabet, displayed below. Both uppercase and lowercase characters are provided, along with the standard ASCII codes for creating them yourself.

The Greek Alphabet
Name Samples Uppercase Lowercase
Alpha Α α Α α
Beta Β β Β β
Gamma Γ γ Γ γ
Delta Δ δ Δ δ
Epsilon Ε ε Ε ε
Zeta Ζ ζ Ζ ζ
Eta Η η Η η
Theta Θ θ Θ θ
Iota Ι ι Ι ι
Kappa Κ κ Κ κ
Lambda Λ λ Λ λ
Mu Μ μ Μ μ
Nu Ν ν Ν ν
Xi Ξ ξ Ξ ξ
Omicron Ο ο Ο ο
Pi Π π Π π
Rho Ρ ρ Ρ ρ
Sigmaf ** ς ς
Sigma Σ σ Σ σ
Tau Τ τ Τ τ
Upsilon Υ υ Υ υ
Phi Φ φ Φ φ
Chi Χ χ Χ χ
Psi Ψ ψ Ψ ψ
Omega Ω ω Ω ω

** There is no uppercase character for the letter “Final Sigma”.

This page was last modified on Saturday, July 21, 2012.