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The Earth-Romulan War: The Charter of the United Federation of Planets

We, the intelligent lifeforms of the United Federation of Planets, determined

to save succeeding generations from the scourge of intergalactic war which has brought untold horror and suffering to our planetary social systems, and

to reaffirm faith in the fundamental intelligent lifeform rights, in the dignity and worth of the intelligent lifeform person, to the equal rights of male and female and of planetary social systems large and small, and

to establish conditions under which justice and mutual respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of interplanetary law can be maintained, and

to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom,

And to these ends

to practice benevolent tolerance and live together in peace with one another as good neighbors, and

to unite our strength to maintain intergalactic peace and security, and

to ensure by the acceptance of principles and the institution of methods that armed force shall not be used except in the common defense, and

to employ intergalactic machinery for the promotion of the economic and social advancement of all intelligent lifeforms,

Have resolved to combine our efforts to accomplish these aims.

Accordingly, the respective social systems, through representatives assembled on the planet Babel, who have exhibited their full powers to be in good and due form, have agreed to the present Charter, and do hereby establish an interplanetary organization to be known as the United Federation of Planets.

Index of Contents

Chapter I: Purposes and Principles

Article 1

The purposes of the United Federation of Planets are:

Article 2

The Federation and its members, in pursuit of the purposes stated, shall act in accordance with the following principles:

Chapter II: Membership

Article 3

The original members of the United Federation of Planets shall be those planetary social systems which, having participated in the interplanetary conference on interplanetary Federation at Babel, or having previously signed the declaration of the United Federation of Planets of 11 October 2161, sign the present Charter and ratify them in accordance with Article 110.

Article 4

Membership in the United Federation is open to any other peaceful planetary social systems which accept the obligations contained in the present Charter and, in the judgment of the Federation, are capable and willing to carry out these obligations;

The admission of any such planetary social system to membership in the United Federation of Planets is contingent upon the decision of the supreme assembly upon recommendation of the Federation Council.

Article 5

The Supreme Assembly may suspend the rights and privileges of membership of any member of the United Federation against which the Federation Council has taken preventive or enforcement action. The Federation Council may restore these rights and privileges of membership at its discretion.

Article 6

Any member of the United Federation which has persistently violated the purposes contained in the present Charter may be expelled from the Federation by the Supreme Assembly upon the recommendation of the Federation Council.

Chapter III: Agencies

Article 7

There are established as the principle agencies of the United Federation of Planets: a Supreme Assembly, a Federation Council, an economic and social council, a trusteeship council, an interplanetary supreme court of justice, a Starfleet combined peacekeeping force, and an Executive;

Such subsidiary agencies as may be deemed necessary from time to time may be established in accordance with the present Charter.

Article 8

The United Federation shall place no restriction on the eligibility of male and female lifeforms or any member planetary social system to participate in any capacity under conditions of equality in its principal and subsidiary agencies.

Chapter IV: The Supreme Assembly

Composition

Article 9

The Supreme Assembly shall consist of all the members of the United Federation of Planets. Each member shall be entitled to have not more than five (5) representatives in this body;

Functions and Powers

Article 10

The Supreme Assembly may discuss any questions on any matters within the scope of the present Charter or relating to the powers and functions of any agencies provided for in the present Charter and, except as provided in Article 12, may make recommendations to the members and the Federation Council or both on any such questions or matters;

Article 11

The Supreme Assembly may consider the general principles of cooperation in maintaining interplanetary peace and security, including disarmament and the regulation of armaments, and may make recommendations with regard to such principles to the members or the Federation Council or to both;

The Supreme Assembly may discuss any questions relative to the maintenance of intergalactic peace and security put to it by any member or the Federation Council, or a nonmember planetary social system in accordance with Article 25 Paragraph 2 and, except as provided in Article 12, may make recommendations with regard to any such questions to the members, the Federation Council, or the pleading planetary social system, or to all of them. Any such question on which action is necessary shall be referred to the Federation Council by the supreme assembly either before or after discussion;

The Supreme Assembly may call situations which are likely to endanger the interplanetary and intergalactic peace and security to the attention of the Federation Council;

The powers of the Supreme Assembly as set forth in this Article shall not limit the scope of Article 10;

Article 12

Where the Federation Council is executing the functions assigned to it under the present Charter with respect to any dispute or situation, the Supreme Assembly shall make no recommendation with regard to that dispute or situation unless so requested by the Federation Council;

The President, with the consent of the Federation Council, shall notify the Supreme Assembly at each session of any matters relating to the maintenance of interplanetary peace and security which are under discussion in the Federation Council, and shall notify the Supreme Assembly, or the members if the Supreme Assembly is not in session, immediately when the Federation Council completes its deliberations on any such matters;

Article 13

The Supreme Assembly shall initiate studies and make recommendations for the purpose of:

The further responsibilities, functions, and powers of the supreme assembly with respect to matters mentioned in Paragraph 1(b) above are set forth in Chapters IX and X;

Article 14

Subject to the provisions of Article 12, the Supreme Assembly may recommend measures for the peaceful adjustment of any situation, regardless of origin, which it deems likely to impair the general welfare or friendly relations among the planets, including situations resulting from violations of the provisions of the present Charter setting forth the purposes and principles of the United Federation of Planets;

Article 15

The Supreme Assembly shall receive and consider regular and special reports from the Federation Council; which reports shall include an account of the measures that the Federation Council has decided upon or taken to maintain interplanetary peace and security;

The Supreme Assembly shall receive and consider reports from the other agencies of the united Federation on agreed upon regular periods or reporting;

Article 16

The Supreme Assembly shall perform such functions of intergalactic trusteeship as are assigned to it under Chapters XII and XIII, including the approval of the trusteeship agreements for areas which are not designated as strategic;

Article 17

The Supreme Assembly shall consider and approve the budget of the United Federation of Planets;

The expenses of the United Federation of Planets shall be borne by the members as apportioned by the Supreme Assembly;

The Supreme Assembly shall consider and approve any financial and budgetary agreements with specialized agencies referred to in Article 57 and shall examine the administrative budgets of such specialized agencies with a view to making recommendations to the agencies concerned;

All budgets of, and expenses of the United Federation shall be made and paid in the common interplanetary credit. The common interplanetary credit shall be the official medium of exchange within the United Federation treaty exploration territory;

Voting

Article 18

Each member of the Supreme Assembly shall have one (1) vote;

Decisions of the Supreme Assembly on important decisions shall be made on a two-thirds (2/3) majority vote of the members present and voting. These questions shall include: recommendations with respect to the maintenance of interplanetary peace and security; the election of non-permanent members to the Federation Council; the election of members of the trusteeship council in accordance with Paragraph 1(c) of Article 86; the admission of new members to the Federation; the suspension of the rights and privileges of membership; the expulsion of members; questions relating to the operation of the trusteeship system; and budgetary questions;

Decisions on other questions, including the determination of additional categories of questions to be decided by a two-thirds (2/3) majority, shall be made by a majority vote of the members present and voting;

Article 19

A member of the United Federation which is in arrears in the payment of its financial obligations to the Federation shall have no vote in the Supreme Assembly if the amount it is in arrears equals or exceeds the amount of the contributions due from it for the preceding two accounting periods. The Supreme Assembly may, nevertheless, permit such a member to vote if it is satisfied that the failure to pay is due to conditions beyond the control of the member.

Procedure

Article 20

The Supreme Assembly shall meet in regular periodic sessions and in such special sessions as occasion may require. Special sessions shall be convoked by the President at the request of the Federation Council or of a majority of the members of the United Federation.

Article 21

The Supreme Assembly shall adopt its own rules of procedure. It shall elect its president for each session.

Article 22

The Supreme Assembly may establish such subsidiary agencies as it deems necessary for the performance of its functions.

Chapter V: The Federation Council

Composition

Article 23

The Federation Council shall consist of eleven (11) members of the United Federation. The United Nations of Earth, the Planetary Union of Vulcan, the Andorian Sovereignty, the United Alliance of Tellar, and the Confederation of Altair shall be permanent members of the Federation Council. The Supreme Assembly shall elect six (6) other members of the United Federation to be non-permanent members of the Federation Council, due regard being especially paid, in the first instance, to the contribution of the members to the United Federation to the maintenance of interplanetary peace and security and to the other purposes of the Federation, and also to equitable geogalactic distribution;

The non-permanent members of the Federation Council shall be elected for a term of two (2) session periods. In the first election of non-permanent members, however, three (3) shall be elected for a term of one (1) session period. A retiring member shall not be eligible for immediate reelection.

Functions and Powers

Article 24

In order to assure prompt and effective action by the United Federation of Planets, its members confer on the Federation Council primary responsibility for the maintenance of interplanetary peace and security, and agree that in carrying out its duties under this responsibility the Federation Council acts on their behalf;

In discharging these duties the Federation Council shall act in accordance with the purposes and principles of the United Federation. The specific powers granted to the Federation Council for the discharge of these duties are laid down in Chapters VI, VII, VIII, and XII;

The Federation Council shall submit regular and, when necessary, special reports to the Supreme Assembly for its consideration;

Article 25

The members of the United Federation agree to accept and carry out the decisions of the Federation Council in accordance with the present Charter.

Article 26

In order to promote the establishment and maintenance of interplanetary peace and security with the least diversion of the Federation's lifeforms, and economic resources for armaments, the Federation Council shall be responsible for formulating, with the assistance of Starfleet Headquarters staff referred to in Article 47, plans to be submitted to the members of the United Federation for the establishment of a system for the regulation of armaments;

Voting

Article 27

Each member of the Federation Council shall have one (1) vote;

Decisions of the Federation Council on procedural matters shall be made by an affirmative vote of seven (7) members;

Decisions of the Federation Council on all other matters shall be made on an affirmative vote of seven (7) members including the concurring votes of the permanent members, provided that, in decisions under Chapter VI, and under Paragraph 3 of Article 52, a party to the dispute shall refrain from voting.

Procedure

Article 28

The Federation Council shall be so organized as to be able to function continuously. Each member of the Federation Council shall, for this purpose, be represented at all times at the seat of the Federation;

The Federation Council shall hold periodic meetings at which each of its members may, if it so desires, be represented by a member of its government or by some other specially designated representative;

The Federation Council may hold meetings at such places other than the seat of the Federation as in its judgment will facilitate its work.

Article 29

The Federation Council may establish such subsidiary agencies as it deems necessary for the performance of its functions.

Article 30

The Federation Council shall adopt its own rules of procedure, including the method of selecting its governor.

Article 31

Any member of the United Federation which is not a member of the Federation Council may participate, without vote, in the discussion of any question brought before the Federation Council whenever the latter considers that the interests of the member are specifically affected.

Article 32

Any member of the United Federation which is not a member of the Federation Council or any planetary social system which is not a member of the United Federation of Planets, if it is a party to a dispute under consideration by the Federation Council, shall be invited to participate, without vote, in the discussion relating to the dispute. The Federation Council shall lay down the conditions as it deems just for the participation of a planetary social system which is not a member of the United Federation of Planets.

Chapter VI: Pacific Settlement of Disputes

Article 33

The parties to any dispute, the continuance of which is likely to endanger the maintenance of interplanetary peace and security, shall, first of all, seek a solution by negotiation, inquiry, mediation, conciliation, arbitration, judicial settlement, resort to regional agencies or arrangements, or other peaceful means of their own choice;

The Federation Council shall, when it deems necessary, call upon the parties to settle their disputes by such means.

Article 34

The Federation Council may investigate any dispute, or any situation that might lead to interplanetary friction or give rise to a dispute, in order to determine whether the continuance of the dispute or situation is likely to endanger the maintenance of interplanetary peace and security.

Article 35

Any member of the United Federation may bring any dispute, or any situation of the nature referred to in Article 34, to the attention of the Federation Council or the Supreme Assembly;

A planetary social system which is not a member of the United Federation of Planets may bring to the attention of the Federation Council or the Supreme Assembly any dispute to which it is a party if it accepts in advance, for the purposes of disputes, the obligation of pacific settlement provided in the present Charter;

The proceedings of the Supreme Assembly in respect to matters brought to its attention under this Article will be subject to the provisions of Articles 11 and 12.

Article 36

The Federation Council may, at any stage of a dispute of the nature referred to in Article 33 or of a situation of like nature, recommend procedures or appropriate methods of adjustment;

The Federation Council shall take into consideration any procedures for the settlement of the dispute which have already been adopted by the parties;

In making recommendations under the Article the Federation Council should also take into consideration that legal disputes should as a general rule be referred to the Interplanetary Supreme Court of Justice in accordance with the provisions of the statute of the court;

Article 37

Should the parties to a dispute as referred to in Article 33 fail to settle it by means indicated in that Article, they shall refer it to the Federation Council;

If the Federation Council deems that the continuance of the dispute is in fact likely to endanger the maintenance of interplanetary peace and security, it shall decide whether to take action under Article 36 or to recommend such terms as it may consider appropriate.

Article 38

Without prejudice to the provisions of Articles 33 to 37, the Federation Council may, if all the parties to any dispute so request, make recommendations to the parties with a view to a pacific settlement of the dispute.

Chapter VII: Action with Respect to Threats of the Peace, Breaches of the Peace, and Acts of Aggression

Article 39

The Federation Council shall determine the existence of any threat to the peace, breach of the peace, or act of aggression and shall make recommendations to maintain or restore interplanetary peace and security.

Article 40

In order to prevent aggravation of the situation, the Federation Council may call upon the parties concerned to comply with such provisional measures as it deems necessary or desirable. Such provisional measures shall be without prejudice to the rights, claims, or position of the parties concerned. The Federation Council shall take into account any failure to comply with such provisional measures.

Article 41

The Federation Council may decide what measures short of the use of armed force are to be employed to give effect to its decisions, and may call upon the members of the United Federation to apply such measures. These may include partial or complete interruption of economic relations, interplanetary communications and space travel, and severance of diplomatic relations.

Article 42

Should the Federation Council consider that measures under Article 41 would be inadequate or have proved to be inadequate, it may take such action by armed force as necessary to maintain or restore interplanetary peace and security. Such action may include demonstrations, blockades, and other operations by Starfleet combined peacekeeping forces.

Article 43

All members of the United Federation in obligation to the maintenance of interplanetary peace and security, agree to make available to Starfleet, on call of the Federation Council, armed forces, assistance and facilities, including rights of passage, necessary for the maintenance of interplanetary peace and security.

Article 44

When the Federation Council has decided to use force it shall, before calling upon a member not represented on it to provide armed forces in fulfillment of obligations assumed under Article 43, invite that member to participate in the decision of the Federation Council relating to the employment of contingents of the member's armed forces.

Article 45

In order to enable the United Federation to take urgent military measures, all members so capable, shall assign contingents of their armed forces to Starfleet to be employed as a single peacekeeping force of the United Federation of Planets. All contingents so assigned, and for the duration of their assignment, shall hold full faith and loyalty to the United Federation of Planets and the protection of the purposes and principles of the present Charter.

Article 46

Plans for the application of Starfleet armed forces shall be made by the Federation Council with the assistance of the Military Staff Committee of Starfleet Headquarters.

Article 47

There shall be established within Starfleet a Military Staff Committee to advise, and assist the Federation Council on all matters relating to the United Federation's military requirements for maintaining interplanetary peace and security;

The Military Staff Committee shall consist of the chiefs of staff of the permanent members of the Federation Council, or their representatives. Any member of the United Federation may be invited to provide representation on the Military Staff Committee where its responsibilities requires the participation of that member in its work;

The Military Staff Committee, with the authorization of the Federation Council, shall establish a Starfleet as the armed, peacekeeping, forces of the United Federation of Planets. It shall be responsible for the establishment and maintenance of all facilities of Starfleet, including armed ships, starbases, and training facilities;

The Military Staff Committee shall be responsible under the Federation Council for the strategic direction of Starfleet armed forces, and the other armed forces of the members when required for the maintenance on interplanetary peace and security.

Article 48

The action required to carry out decisions of the Federation Council for the maintenance of interplanetary peace and security shall be taken by Starfleet, using such contingents as appropriate to the specific action.

Article 49

The members of the United Federation shall join in affording mutual assistance in carrying out the measures decided upon by the Federation Council and in assisting Starfleet in the performance of its duties and obligations.

Article 50

If preventive or enforcement measures against any planet are taken by the Federation Council, any other planet, whether a member of the United Federation or not, which finds itself confronted with special economic problems arising from the carrying out of these measures shall have the right to consult with the Federation Council with regard to the solution of its problems.

Article 51

Nothing in the present Charter shall impair the inherent right of individual or collective self-defense against armed attacks occurring to members of the United Federation, until the Federation Council has taken measures necessary to maintain interplanetary peace and security, and Starfleet forces can be brought into action. Such actions taken by members of the United Federation in their self-defense shall be immediately reported to the Federation Council.

Chapter VIII: Starfleet

Article 52

There is established a Starfleet as the armed peacekeeping forces of the United Federation of Planets. It shall initially be comprised of contingents assigned to it by members of the United Federation under Article 43 until such time as facilities, recruitment, and training obviates the necessity of drawing upon the armament of any member, except as provided in Article 49;

The operations and actions of Starfleet shall at all times be under the direct cognizance of the Federation Council and the Military Staff Committee which shall also prepare and approve the budget for Star Fleet operations;

Initial expenditure is authorized under the present Charter for the establishment of a Starfleet Headquarters and twenty (20) starbases to be equitably located within the boundary of the United Federation of Planets and outside of any possible conflict with the territorial boundaries of any member of the United Federation. The Federation Council shall review and approve such other expansions of starbases and other facilities as shall seem appropriate from time to time in the maintenance of interplanetary peace and security;

Initial expenditure is also granted under the present Charter for the establishment of a Starfleet Academy for the purpose of training officers and personnel for Starfleet duty. The standards for training such officers and personnel shall be determined by the Military Staff Committee and approved by the Federation Council.

Article 53

Initial expenditure is granted under the present Charter for the design, procurement, and operation of one hundred fifty (150) cruiser-class starships to provide the nucleus of Starfleet's peacekeeping armed forces. These cruisers shall be capable of extended duration patrol of intergalactic range, with weaponry appropriate to such class of starships. They shall be provided with firepower superior to that now employed by any member of the United Federation, and appropriate to the tasks expected of them;

Expenditure is also granted under the present Charter for the procurement and construction of such lesser classes of starships as shall be required to support Starfleet operations and the cruiser class of starships. These may be, but not necessarily limited to, types such as scouts, destroyers, transports, resupply, shuttlecraft, and survey ships.

Article 54

The training of base personnel and ship complements shall include all fields of science and technology as well as the military arts in Starfleet. It is the intent of the present Charter that Starfleet shall be used to conduct missions of scientific exploration and investigation whenever its services are not required in the maintenance of interplanetary peace and security;

Starfleet Headquarters and the Federation Council shall be at all times kept informed of the activities undertaken, or contemplated, for scientific exploration and investigation. Any ship so employed shall be detached from military fleet duty and reassigned as a nonmilitary scientific unit of the United Federation.

Chapter IX: Interplanetary Economic and Social Cooperation

Article 55

With a view to creating conditions of stability and well-being which are necessary for peaceful relations among planetary social systems based on respect for the principles of equal rights and self-determination of all intelligent lifeforms, the United Federation of Planets shall promote:

Article 56

All members pledge themselves to take joint and separate action in cooperation with the United Federation for the achievement of the purposes and goals set forth in Article 55.

Article 57

The various specialized agencies, established by interplanetary agreement and having wide interplanetary responsibilities as defined in their basic instruments in economic, social, cultural, educational, health, and related fields, shall be brought into relationship with the United Federation in accordance with Article 63;

Such agencies thus brought into relationship with the United Federation are hereafter referred to as specialized agencies.

Article 58

The United Federation shall make recommendations for the coordination of the policies and activities of the specialized agencies.

Article 59

The United Federation shall, where appropriate, initiate negotiations among its members concerned for the creation of any new specialized agencies required for the accomplishment of the purposes set forth in Article 55.

Article 60

Responsibility for the discharge of the functions of the United Federation as set forth in this Chapter shall be vested in the Supreme Assembly and, under the authority of the Supreme Assembly, in the economic and social council which shall have for this purpose the powers set forth in Chapter X.

Chapter X: The Economic and Social Council

Composition

Article 61

The Economic and Social Council shall consist of eighteen (18) members of the United Federation as elected by the Supreme Assembly;

Subject to the provisions of paragraph 3, six (6) members of the Economic and Social Council shall be elected each session for a term of three (3) session periods. A retiring member shall be eligible for immediate reelection;

At the first election, eighteen (18) members of the Economic and Social Council shall be chosen, the term of office of six (6) members so chosen will expire at the end of one (1) session period, and the terms of six (6) other members at the end of two (2) session periods in accordance with arrangements made by the Supreme Assembly;

Each member of the Economic and Social Council shall have one (1) representative.

Functions and Powers

Article 62

The Economic and Social Council may make or initiate studies and reports with respect to interplanetary economic, social, cultural, educational, health, and related matters and may make recommendations with respect to any such matters to the Supreme Assembly, to the members of the United Federation, and to specialized agencies concerned;

It may make recommendations for the purpose of promoting respect for, and observance of, intelligent lifeform rights and fundamental freedoms for all;

It may prepare draft instruments with the rules prescribed by the United Federation;

It may prepare draft instruments for admission to the Supreme Assembly, with respect to matters falling within its competence;

It may call, in accordance with the rules prescribed by the United Federation, interplanetary conferences on matters falling within its competence.

Article 63

The Economic and Social Council may enter into agreements with any of its agencies referred to in Article 57, defining the terms on which the agency concerned shall be brought into relationship with the United Federation. Such agreements shall be subject to approval by the Supreme Assembly;

It may coordinate the activities of the specialized agencies through consultation with and recommendations to such agencies and through recommendations to the Supreme Assembly and to the members of the United Federation.

Article 64

The Economic and Social Council may take appropriate steps to obtain reports from the specialized agencies. It may make arrangements with the members of the United Federation and with the specialized agencies to obtain reports on the steps taken to give effect to its own recommendations and to recommendations on matters falling within its competence by the Supreme Assembly.

Article 65

The Economic and Social Council may furnish information to the Federation Council and shall assist the Federation Council upon its request.

Article 66

The Economic and Social Council shall perform such functions as fall within its competence in connection with the carrying out of the recommendations of the Supreme Assembly;

It may, with the approval of the Supreme Assembly, perform services at the request of members of the United Federation or as may be assigned to it by the Supreme Assembly.

Voting

Article 67

Each member of the Economic and Social Council shall have one (1) vote;

Decisions of the Economic and Social Council shall be made by a majority of the members present and voting.

Procedures

Article 68

The Economic and Social Council shall set up commissions in economic and social fields and for the promotion of intelligent lifeform rights, and such other commissions as may be required for the performance of its functions.

Article 69

The Economic and Social Council shall invite any member of the United Federation to participate, without vote, in its deliberations on any matter of particular concern to that member.

Article 70

The Economic and Social Council may make arrangements for representatives of the specialized agencies to participate, without vote, in its deliberations and in those commissions established by it, and for its representatives to participate in the deliberations of the specialized agencies.

Article 71

The Economic and Social Council may make suitable arrangements for consultation with nongovernmental and interplanetary organizations which are concerned with matters within its competence. Such arrangements may be made with planetary organizations after consultation with members of the United Federation concerned.

Article 72

The Economic and Social Council shall adopt its own rules of procedure, including the method of selecting its director;

The Economic and Social Council shall meet as required in accordance with its rules, which shall include provision for the convening of meetings on the request of a majority of its members.

Chapter XI: Declaration Regarding Non-Self-Governing Regions

Article 73

Members of the United Federation which have assumed responsibilities for the administration of regions whose intelligent lifeforms have not yet attained a full measure of self-government recognize the principle that the interests of the inhabitants of these regions are paramount, and accept as a sacred trust the obligation to promote to the utmost, within the system of interplanetary peace and security established by the present Charter, the well-being of the inhabitants of these regions, and, to this end:

Article 74

Members of the United Federation also agree that their policy in respect of the regions to which this Chapter applies, no less than in respect of their metropolitan areas, must be based on the general principle of good-neighborliness, due account being taken of the interests and well-being of the rest of the Federation territory in social, economic, and commercial matters.

Chapter XII: Interplanetary Trusteeship System

Article 75

The United Federation shall establish under its authority an interplanetary trusteeship system for the administration and supervision of such regions as may be placed thereunder by subsequent individual agreements. These regions are hereinafter referred to as trust regions.

Article 76

The basic objectives of the trusteeship system, in accordance with the purposes and principles of the United Federation as laid down in the present Charter, shall be:

Article 77

The trusteeship system shall apply to such regions in the following categories as may be placed thereunder by means of trusteeship agreements:

It will be a matter for subsequent agreement as to which regions in the foregoing categories will be brought under the trusteeship system and under what terms.

Article 78

The trusteeship system shall not apply to regions which have become members of the United Federation of Planets, relationship among which shall be based on the respect for the principle of sovereign equality.

Article 79

The terms of trusteeship for each region to be placed under the trusteeship system, including any alteration or amendment, shall be agreed upon by the social systems directly concerned, including the mandatory power in the case of regions held under mandate by a member of the United Federation, and shall be approved as provided for in Articles 83 and 85.

Article 80

Except as may be agreed upon in individual trusteeship agreements, made under Articles 77, 79, and 81, placing each region under the trusteeship system, and until such agreements have been concluded, noting in this Chapter shall be construed in or of itself to alter in any manner the rights whatsoever of any social systems or any intelligent lifeforms or the terms of existing agreements to which members of the United Federation may respectively be parties;

Paragraph 1 of this Article shall not be interpreted as giving grounds for delay or postponement of the negotiation and conclusion of agreements for placing mandated and other regions under the trusteeship system as provided for in Article 77.

Article 81

The trusteeship agreement shall in each case include the terms under which the trust region will be administered and designate the authority which will be exercising the administration of the trust region. Such authority, hereinafter called the administering authority, may be one or more social systems of the United Federation itself.

Article 82

There may be designated, in the trusteeship agreement, a strategic area or areas which may include part or all of the trust region to which the agreement applies, without prejudice to any special agreement or agreements made under Article 43.

Article 83

All functions of the United Federation relating to strategic areas, including the approval of the terms of the trusteeship agreements and of their subsequent alteration or amendment, shall be exercised by the Federation Council;

The basic principles set forth in Article 76 shall apply to the intelligent lifeforms of each strategic area;

The Federation Council shall, subject to the provisions of the trusteeship agreements and without prejudice to security considerations, avail itself of the assistance of the trusteeship council to perform those functions of the United Federation under the trusteeship system relating to political, economic, social, and educational matters in the strategic areas.

Article 84

It shall be the duty of the administering authority to ensure that the trust region shall play its part in the maintenance of interplanetary peace and security. To this end the administering authority may make use of volunteer forces, facilities, and assistance from the trust region in carrying out the obligations towards the Federation Council undertaken in this regard by the administering authority, as well as for the local defense and the maintenance of law and order within the trust region.

Article 85

The functions of the United Federation with regard to trusteeship agreements for all regions not designated as strategic, including the approval of the terms of the trusteeship agreements and their alteration or amendment, shall be exercised by the Supreme Assembly.

Chapter XIII: The Trusteeship Council

Composition

Article 86

The trusteeship council shall consist of the following members of the United Federation:

Each member of the trusteeship council shall designate one (1) specially qualified intelligent lifeform to represent it therein.

Functions and Powers

Article 87

The Supreme Assembly and, under its authority, the trusteeship council, in carrying out their functions, may:

Article 88

The Trusteeship Council shall formulate a questionnaire on the political, economic, social, and educational advancement of the inhabitants of each trust region, and the administering authority for each trust region within the competence of the Supreme Assembly shall make a periodic report to the Supreme Assembly upon the basis of such questionnaire.

Voting

Article 89

Each member of the Trusteeship Council shall have one (1) vote;

Decisions of the Trusteeship Council shall be made by a majority of the members present and voting.

Procedure

Article 90

The Trusteeship Council shall adopt its own rules of procedure, including the method of selecting its director;

The Trusteeship Council shall meet as required in accordance with its rules which shall include a provision for the convening of meetings on the request of a majority or its members.

Article 91

The Trusteeship Council shall, when appropriate, avail itself of the assistance of the Economic and Social Council and of the specialized agencies in regard to matters with which they are respectively concerned.

Chapter XIV: The Interplanetary Supreme Court of Justice

Article 92

The Interplanetary Supreme Court of Justice shall be the principle judicial instrument of the United Federation of Planets. It shall function in accordance with the appended statute, which is based upon the statute of the Tribunals of Alpha III, and forms an integral part of the present Charter.

Article 93

All members of the United Federation are 'ipso facto' parties to the statute of the Interplanetary Supreme Court of Justice;

A social system which is not a member of the United Federation may become a party to the statute of the Interplanetary Supreme Court of Justice on conditions to be determined in each case by the Supreme Assembly upon the recommendation of the Federation Council.

Article 94

Each member of the United Federation undertakes to comply with the decisions of the Interplanetary Supreme Court of Justice in any case to which it is a party;

If any party in a case fails to perform the obligations incumbent upon it under a judgment rendered by the Court, the other party may have recourse to the Federation Council, which may, if it deems necessary, make recommendations or decide upon measures to be taken to give effect to the judgment.

Article 95

Nothing in the present Charter shall prevent members of the United Federation of Planets from entrusting the solution of their differences to other tribunals by virtue of agreements already in existence or which may be concluded in the future.

Article 96

The Supreme Assembly or the Federation Council may request the Interplanetary Supreme Court of Justice to give an advisory opinion on any legal question;

Other bodies of the United Federation and the specialized agencies, which may at any time be so authorized by the Supreme Assembly, may also request advisory opinions of the Court on legal questions arising within the scope of their activities.

Chapter XV: The President

Article 97

The Executive shall be comprised of a President and such staff as the United Federation may require. The President shall be appointed by the Supreme Assembly upon the recommendation of the Federation Council, and shall be the chief executive and administrative officer of the United Federation.

Article 98

The President shall act in that capacity in all meetings of the Supreme Assembly, of the Federation Council, of the Economic and Social Council, and of the Trusteeship Council, and shall perform such other functions as are entrusted to the Executive by these bodies. The President shall make a periodic report to the Supreme Assembly on the work of the United Federation of Planets.

Article 99

The President may bring to the attention of the Federation Council any matter which in his opinion may threaten the maintenance of interplanetary peace and security.

Article 100

In the performance of their duties the President and the staff shall not seek or receive instructions from any government or from any other authority external to the United Federation of Planets. They shall refrain from any action which might reflect on their positions as interplanetary officials responsible only to the United Federation;

Each member of the United Federation undertakes to respect the exclusively interplanetary character of the responsibilities of the President and the staff and shall not seek to influence them in the discharge of their responsibilities.

Article 101

The staffs shall be appointed by the President under regulations established by the Supreme Assembly;

Appropriate staffs shall be permanently assigned to the Economic and Social Council, the Trusteeship Council, and, as required, to other bodies of the United Federation. These staffs shall form a part of the Executive;

The paramount consideration in the employment of the staff and in the determination of the conditions of service shall be the necessity of securing the highest standards of efficiency, competence, and integrity. Due regard shall be paid to the importance of recruiting the staff on as wide a geogalactic basis as possible.

Chapter XVI: Miscellaneous Provisions

Article 102

Every treaty and every interplanetary agreement entered into by any member of the United Federation after the present Charter comes into force shall as soon as possible be registered with the President and published by him;

No party to any such treaty or interplanetary agreement which has not been registered in accordance with the provisions of Paragraph 1 of this article may invoke that treaty or agreement before any body of the United Federation.

Article 103

In the event of a conflict between the obligations of the members of the United Federation under the present Charter and their obligations under any other interplanetary agreement, their obligations under the present Charter shall prevail.

Article 104

The United Federation shall enjoy in the territory of each of its members such legal capacity as may be necessary for the exercise of its functions and the fulfillment of its purposes.

Article 105

The United Federation shall enjoy in the territory of each of its members such privileges and immunities as are necessary for the fulfillment of its purposes;

Representatives of the members of the United Federation and officials of the organization shall similarly enjoy such privileges and immunities as are necessary for the independent exercise of their functions in connection with the organization;

The Supreme Assembly may make recommendations with a view to determining the details of the application of Paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article or may propose conventions to the members of the United Federation for this purpose.

Chapter XVII: Transitory Security Arrangements

Article 106

Pending the coming into full force of such special agreements referred to in Article 43 as in the opinion of the Federation Council enable it to begin the exercise of its responsibilities under Article 42, the parties to the Declaration of the Federation shall consult with one another and the other members of the United Federation with a view to such joint action on behalf of the organization as may be necessary for the purpose of maintaining interplanetary peace and security;

Nothing in the present Charter shall invalidate or preclude action in relation to any social system which has been an adversary of any signatory to the present Charter, taken or authorized as a result of that war by the governments having responsibility for such action.

Chapter XVIII: Amendments

Article 107

Amendments to the present Charter shall come into force for all members of the United Federation when they have been adopted by a two-thirds (2/3) vote of the members of the Supreme Assembly and ratified in accordance with their respective statutory processes by two-thirds (2/3) of the members of the United Federation, including all the permanent members of the Federation Council.

Article 108

A general conference of the members of the United Federation for the purpose of reviewing the present Charter may be held at a date and place to be fixed by a two-thirds (2/3) vote of the members of the Supreme Assembly and by a vote of any seven (7) members of the Federation Council. Each member of the United Federation shall have one (1) vote in the conference;

Any alterations of the present Charter recommended by a two-thirds (2/3) vote of the conference shall take effect when ratified in accordance with their respective statutory processes by two-thirds (2/3) of the members of the United Federation including all the permanent members of the Federation Council;

If such conference has not been held before the tenth regular session of the Supreme Assembly following the coming into force of the present Charter, the proposal to call such a conference shall be placed on the agenda of that session of the Supreme Assembly, and the conference shall be held if so decided by a majority vote of the members of the Supreme Assembly and by a vote of any seven (7) members of the Federation Council.

Chapter XIX: Ratification and Signature

Article 109

The present Charter shall be ratified by the signatory governments in accordance with their respective statutory processes;

The ratifications shall be deposited with the government of the United Nations of Earth, which shall notify all of the signatory governments of each deposit as well as the President of the organization when he has been appointed;

The present Charter shall come into full force upon the deposit of the ratifications by the United Nations of Earth, the Planetary Union of Vulcan, the Andorian Sovereignty, the United Alliance of Tellar, the Confederation of Altair, and by a majority of the other signatory social systems. A protocol of the ratifications deposited shall thereupon be drawn up by the government of the United Nations which shall communicate copies thereof to all the signatory governments;

The governments signatory to the present Charter which ratify it after it has come into force will become original members of the United Federation on the date of the deposit of their respective ratifications.

Article 110

The present Charter, of which the various language texts are equally authentic, upon the coming into full force of the United Federation of Planets, shall be transferred by the United Nations to the organization for permanent deposit in its archives. Duly certified copies thereof shall be transmitted by the President to the governments of all the signatory social systems.

In faith whereof the representatives of the governments of the United Federation of Planets have signed the present Charter.

Done at the planet Babel, 11 October 2161.

Followed by the signature sheets of the original signatory governments.

This page was last modified on Wednesday, July 04, 2012.